Should Multiple-Choice Questions Be Eliminated?

It is often debated whether multiple-choice questions should be removed from the scoring system. The main reason is that it is feared that it could make students less critical and less able to apply knowledge in depth. The following is a deeper explanation regarding using multiple-choice questions as an assessment design.

Multiple-choice as an option to carry out practical assessments

In assessment design,  not only we must ensure validity, reliability, and beneficial consequences but we also must consider practicality. Practicality in this case includes efficiency, ease of administration, and time savings that can be achieved using multiple choice questions. Multiple choice questions allow for assessment in classes with large numbers of students to be faster and more efficient than other assessment methods, such as essays, projects, or reflections.

Encourages students’ analytical thinking

The idea that multiple-choice questions make students lazy and not think critically is wrong. In assessment design, the difficulty level in multiple-choice questions can be adjusted from an easy level to a difficult one. Especially in language education, the difficulty level can be adjusted from surface-level understanding to application, analysis, and evaluation (C1 to C5). Well-designed multiple-choice questions will encourage students to analyze answer options and encourage critical thinking to choose the most appropriate answer.

We need to change our mindset to not only see the bad side of a type of assessment but also its potential. Even though learning preferences in schools are now output/project/differentiated based, multiple choice will still be a useful tool for teachers. We need to find a balance between open and closed assessment because after all a good teacher is a teacher who can adapt their learning and assessment according to the conditions and needs of the students.

“The Juxtaposition of Online and Offline Education in A Pandemic Era”

Bima Baihaqi Candra MAN 2 Kota Malang

The pandemic has taken a toll on most country’s states of education. In Indonesia, millions of children are forced to adapt to online learning. Approximately 60 million primary to secondary students must study at home and rely on gadgets to enable their education since the government announced that schools are closed indefinitely. From early 2020 till this very day, most schools are practicing online learning. Previously, however, some schools have tried to establish offline learning for a short period. Schools have returned to the digital learning method due to the increasing number of covid and the reports of new variants. The implemented digital curriculum has become the norm of learning in this pandemic in Indonesia. From homework, presentation to school events have adapted to a digital structure. The transition to online learning was sudden and unprepared; however, it could produce maximum results with the proper actions. Online learning has several advantages and disadvantages; likewise, its counterpart both exceeds each other in different features, and below are the aspects in which both excel on their respective elements.


           The appearance of online learning provides mobility and flexibility, in which teachers and students can set their own learning pace. Schools now can set schedules per their needs. Some Indonesian schools now adopt shortened programs compared to the usual, leaving the students with more free time that students can utilize for self-improvement or family bonding activities. With the geographic restrictions lifted by online learning, schools can reach out to a more extensive range of students. Moreover, online learning can be archived with the recording feature, allowing the materials to be viewed later on by the students for future references at a time of their convenience.


           Online learning also provides affordability. Before the digital era, Indonesian schools primarily relied on hard copy materials for the learning process. Students must purchase hard copy materials such as books or worksheets known as UKBM at the local bookstore or the school’s cooperative at a relatively low price. However, in an online environment, education materials are available anywhere. From websites to social media posts, study materials are inclusive as ever these days. With the hard materials replaced, students and teachers are at ease since studying materials can be delivered within a single click. Establishing online learning also eliminates the cost of transportation meals, not to mention the hard copy materials, therefore creating a paperless learning environment, bringing economic affordability while also being beneficial to the environment.


           Despite the advantages mentioned above, online learning still possesses several disadvantages in Indonesia. The country is still experiencing learning loss due to the nonoptimal realization of online learning. Learning loss is a condition in which a country’s education is degrading. The World Bank data stated that as a result of the pandemic, the country (Indonesia) has lost about a half year of learning. Online learning has yet to be realized optimally, primarily in rural areas where educational facilities are limited. Rural education aside, these are the negative traits of online learning common in many Indonesian students.


           The flexibility that online learning provides is often taken for granted by both students and teachers. From the student’s perspective, students and teachers can take online learning anywhere as long as they have an internet connection. In previous times when offline schools still existed, to undergo a vacation, a permit must be submitted and signed by the teachers. Recently, however, for students to ask permission to be dismissed from online learning is just within a click. As a result, many students can be absent without a specific permit from the school. On the other hand, from a teacher’s perspective, it is more or less the same as the students, and it is affecting the quality of the learning process in which it is producing less optimal results due to unfocused lectures.


           It is undeniable that online learning’s affordability has helped the citizens financially. However, the downsides are that the technology that online learning requires is considered relatively expensive in Indonesia, mostly in rural areas. Rural areas lack proper facilities and funding, and as a result, online learning is unable to be conducted optimally. Therefore, rural areas are constantly experiencing learning loss due to the government’s latest policy to close schools.


          In addition to its affordability, whereas students can get materials digitally, we can infer that in this pandemic, students must be in front of a gadget to participate in online learning for long periods. The LED on devices emits blue light radiation, potentially harmful to eye health. Most online schools have shortened the study schedule to give students a rest from harmful radiation from their phones. However, knowing the characteristic of Indonesian adolescents, they would most likely keep using their phones to surf social media or enjoy digital entertainment, thus increasing blue light exposure, which affects their eye health.


           Lastly, but the most critical aspect of learning itself, the presence of a teacher is essentially the most contributing factor to a country’s educational development. The process of online learning eliminates the real-time chemistry between students and teachers. Chemistry is essential as it strengthens the bond and increases the study spirit of the students, therefore enabling students to produce optimal results. Whereas in online learning, the conversation between teachers and students feels awkward and silent. Students require real-time interaction to build chemistry and to understand the subjects thoroughly. It provides them productivity support and learning with satisfaction, and later on nurtures their problem solving and critical thinking skills, which online learning has yet to offer.


           From the aforementioned points comparing online and offline learning, we can infer that offline learning offers better benefits for the country’s future. Online learning will surely be the norm of education in the future, and it can be conducted optimally with a better system and the proper equipment and primed planning. However, offline learning has again been put on hold with the current situation in which the pandemic is rising with new variants in several significant provinces. Therefore, regardless of the learning method, as fellow students, we can only do our best while hoping for the pandemic to rest.



Ferdy-Ramesyah. (2020)

Vania Rossa- Dini Efendi (2020)

Dr. Sudipto Pakrasi (2019)



Short Biography

Greetings reader and judges, my name is Bima Baihaqi Candra. I come from Tangerang but lives in Surabaya, I am currently a sophomore at MAN 2 Kota Malang.  I enjoy writing as one of my hobbies besides playing music (Piano & Violin) and sports. By participating in this competition, I hope to increase my experience in writing whilst nurturing my writing and english skills.

Online and Offline Assessment Process: The Advantages and Disadvantages

The spread of COVID-19 has several impacts on many countries. One of the affected countries is Indonesia. On the 2nd March of 2020, the president announced the first case of COVID-19 in Indonesia. The first case was found in Depok, West Java. Not long after the first case was found, the number of the other cases started to increase. There are numerous cases of COVID-19 throughout the year 2020. The increase of COVID-19 affected many sectors, including the sector of education. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology has issued Circular Letter No. 4 of 2020 regarding the Implementation of Internal Education Policy COVID-19 Emergency. The policy informs that all stages of education teaching and learning activities are conducted in an online distance learning system. According to Kustandi and Darmawan (as cited in Eddy, 2021), distance-learning or in Indonesian we know it as pembelajaran jarak jauh (PJJ) is a learning that is not done face-to-face (like conventional learning), but done remotely without a physical classroom and can be done anywhere and anytime. In the online learning system, students and teachers are implementing the learning activities using online platforms such as Google Classroom, Google Meet, Zoom, etc. The changing of the learning system affects the whole process in learning activities such as delivering the materials, assignments, and assessments. This essay will focus on discussing assessment in online and offline learning systems during the pandemic.


For the safety of the teacher and student during the pandemic, an online learning system is the only option to conduct the learning process. By following this option, they need an online platform for the whole process. The learning activities will run if the platform of the learning system can be accessed both by students and teachers. There are so many e-platforms to support the assessment process. For instance, Quizziz, Google Form, Google Classroom, and the website of the institute. Besides, communication apps such as WhatsApp and Line are also needed to maintain coordination between teachers and students during the assessment process. The use of each app will be different regarding the features that are available in every app. For example, in the Quizziz, students work on quiz questions that are made by the teacher by entering a 6-digit code that is obtained from the Quizizz app. Quiz questions can be done at the same time (real time) and students can see the results and rankings directly. Meanwhile, in using the Google Form the teacher can provide variations of assessment. There are many types of questions that can be selected by the teacher in accordance with the needs of each subject. For example, the teacher can select a short answer, paragraph, and multiple choice.


When the teacher and the student hold the assessment or evaluation, there is no strict supervision from the teacher directly. It happens because the teacher and the students are not in the same place. So, there is a possibility for the students to cheat on their assessments. For example, the student could open their book or search for the answers through the other device. As the result, some schools are making a rule to use two or three devices. One of the devices is used to do the assessment while the other device is used to monitor the student’s activities during the assessment through Zoom meeting or Google Meet with the camera on. Other than cheating, there is a possibility for the student to get the question of the assessment by screenshot or capturing it and they can share it with another student who has not done the assessment.


After explaining the online assessment process, the author would be analyzing the face-to-face assessment process. There are several distinctions among both of them. In the previous paragraph, we know that we need an e-platform to conduct the assessment. On the other hand, in the offline learning system, we usually held the assessment in the real classroom. There are two options for the teacher to choose for the assessment. The first one is using paper as the question and answer sheets, and the second one is the student using the school’s computer to do the assessment. Those two options give flexibility for the teachers to determine which one is appropriate for their subjects. Unfortunately, these options are not safe for the pandemic situation because they can increase the cases of COVID-19. But if some schools are requiring offline assessment, the teachers need to prepare the classrooms by following the health protocol from the Ministry of Health. They also need to arrange different schedules that are divided into several shifts because there are limitations of the number of students who attend the assessment.


Regarding the supervision of offline assessment, it can be stricter because of many elements on it. First, the teacher could keep an eye on the students directly in the classroom. Direct supervision can diminish the possibility of the student cheating with other students. Apart from having the teacher as the supervisor, some schools also provide Closed Circuit Television or CCTV in each class to monitor the assessment process. By using the CCTV, the teacher could replay the video recording during the assessment to make sure that there is no cheating behavior by students in the class. For the computer-based test of offline assessment, the students cannot capture or screenshot the question because they use the school device. So, the teacher can detect if the student is saving the picture from the computer. While in the paper-based test, it cannot be captured because the media is just a paper and usually the school has a rule for the student to return the question paper to the teacher after they finish the assessment.


Based on the explanation above, we can conclude that both in online and offline learning systems, especially in the assessment process, there are advantages and disadvantages. The disadvantages of the online learning system come from the difficulties in adapting to the online platform for the teacher and student. By using online platforms, there are possibilities for the students to cheat during the assessment process. The teacher must be stricter in monitoring the students during the assessment by providing Zoom meetings for the student and asking them to turn on the camera. Although there are disadvantages in the online learning system, the student and the teacher can still take advantages of online platforms to hold the assessment process. The online learning system can make sure that there are no face-to-face meetings that increase the spread of COVID-19. So, both the teacher and the student can run the learning process without the fear of COVID-19.


Meanwhile, in the offline assessment process, the teacher and student need to be aware of the spread of COVID-19 because of the face-to-face situation. Due to that situation, the school has no other choice but to implement the health protocol and provide different schedules for the student. However, with the strict rules of the offline assessment, the school can reduce the spread of COVID-19 and they can still monitor the student directly from the class. But it would be better if the option of offline assessment is avoided if the cases of COVID-19 increased.


Despite the fact that there are two options of assessment processes and each option has its own advantages and disadvantages, both teacher and student need to decide the best option for their situation. They can choose the online assessment if the situation is not possible to conduct the face-to-face class. While they can choose offline assessment as long as the situation is under control and safe for everyone. Certainly, all the parties are expecting the situation to get better. So that later on, they can choose online or offline assessment without worrying about the COVID-19 and the pandemic situation.



Eddy, Ari Usman, & Haida Dafitri. (2021). Pelatihan Penggunaan Aplikasi Quizizz Sebagai Alternatif Media Evaluasi Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh. Jurnal TUNAS: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, vol. 2. no. 2. p. 56.

Kebudayaan, Direktorat Jenderal Guru dan Tenaga Kependidikan Kementerian Pendidikan dan. (2020). Panduan Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh.


Biodata of the author:

My name is Balqist Nathania Daniswari. I am from SMA 7 Yogyakarta and now I am in 11th grade. I am interested in joining this competition because I want to improve my writing skill and broaden my knowledge about current issues.

Comparing Online Learning and Offline Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic

 Learning has become one of our responsibilities since the first time we came into this world. In this era, learning becomes one of the things that is so important to do. Because as we have known, there are a lot of tricky things in this world which always give negative impacts on others. Since it is now the time of the pandemic, some schools from over the world must learn from home or have online classes. This must be a new thing for some people who always have face-to-face classes before COVID-19 exists.


              Both online learning and offline learning have positive and negative impacts. Lessons in face-to-face classes are more understandable than in online classes. Besides that, offline classes ease us to interact with the teacher properly and directly. However, offline learning is more tiring than online learning because it needs a lot of energy to do extra things that we don’t need to do in online classes, such as going to school by transportation. While in online classes, we save a lot of time because we don’t need to spend our time on things that we need to do in offline classes, such as going to school, heading out to the canteen, and going home.


              Based on a survey done by Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia (KPAI), 78% of students want to go back to face-to-face classes. The reason why the students prefer face-to-face classes is 57% because of the difficulties to understand some subjects, and some activities that cannot be done in an online class. This must be one of the most stressful things during online classes. Because once we get stuck in a matter, then it will make us stressed and bring us down. This reason will surely affect our overall life because we will not be able to concentrate on other activities. Besides that, we feel the simple tasks become more difficult than they used to be.


              When I was in an online class, I thought the offline class would be more effective than the online one. But when I had my first day being in offline class, I found it so hard because my school is a boarding school and I need to meet a lot of people every single day which is not easy. This is such an issue for those who have social anxiety or panic attacks while being surrounded by many people, including me. I was not able to focus on my class that I ended up missing the explanation that my teacher gave. I had no idea how to adapt to this situation and I almost gave up on this school. As the time went on, I realized that the hardship I faced was just a part of my journey and it was not as hard as my expectation, and from this experience, I learn that society is not as good as I thought, there are so many characters that I need to face, new friends, and new things. Since then, I have always tried to accept that I will always not be in a comfortable zone. Sooner or later, I will have to face this kind of situation and accept society for the way it is and learn from it.


              Since it is pandemic, it is not really safe to have offline classes even when we do a shifting system because we cannot guarantee that they don’t do anything that can get them infected with COVID-19. As we can see there are still many people who still care less about keeping their distance from each other, not washing their hands, or not even wearing their mask. This surely will be dangerous because they might get infected with COVID-19 without realizing it, and if that happens, then that person automatically will impact other people too, either in her home or in her school. In terms of safety, online learning is safer than offline learning. However, in terms of effectiveness, offline learning is more effective than online learning and I think offline learning gives more benefits than online learning does.

Why do I say so?


              Even though it is hard to have face-to-face classes, we will eventually get used to it. At the first time, most of us might think that having face-to-face class is so hard which makes us doubt to not be able to face this situation, but I believe that this is the process of adapting and dealing with the things we once thought we would never be able to do. Dealing with society is not that easy but we cannot change all the things that we cannot adapt to, all we can do is to accept the situation and do our best. We can never escape from the difficult situation, we can only learn to live through it.


              In offline classes, we will have so many activities in the class which make us more confident of facing some things. Such as speaking in front of many people, interacting with people directly, and making a friend with them. However, the most prominent weakness that has been shown is in managing time. We must feel so tired after going home from school which causes us to put off doing the things that we could actually finish them that moment.


              Even though offline classes give more benefits than online classes do, it doesn’t mean that online classes don’t give any benefits. When the teacher is explaining something in an online class, we can record it as a preparation for the exams that will be conducted in the last term. Compared to offline classes, online classes give us more free time than offline classes do. Besides that, we can manage time well, and get enough rest. However, if it is online, willy-nilly we need technology both for studying and communicating with each other. This technology such as a phone, a laptop is not always working well. In another word, sometimes the connection is so bad that we end up missing the lesson. Besides, we sometimes cannot hear what the teacher is saying because of the bad connection. Also, recording assignment is so stressful, especially when the storage of our phone accidentally runs out when we almost finish it.


              For the above reasons, I fervently believe that even though we get more free time in online learning, offline learning is more effective than online learning. Offline learning teaches us how to be brave and face society. In offline classes, we need to be an attentive person because we cannot really search anything up on the internet. It also teaches us how to be disciplined by going to school in time, having lunch in time, praying in time, etc. Even though it is hard at first, I believe that we will be able to face and go through this situation. This is how we learn to see the real side of life, never be as good as we think. That is how life looks like, we need to go through many hard times and face many things to become a successful person. This journey may have lots of twists and turns, but all we have to do is to get along with the ride and learn how it works for us. We will figure things out along the way.




Name: Amalia Aswandi

Age: 16 years old

Birthdate: November 30th, 2005

Address: Prumnas wekke’e blok C angsa 1 street number 6


How to Deal with Burnout

Sumber Gambar:


Written by Putri Harum and Luthfia Mariatul


For many years, burnout has been found in some people especially for various people-oriented professions such as education and human service. Burnout is a psychological syndrome emerging as a prolonged response to chronic interpersonal stressors on the job. The three key dimensions of this response are an overwhelming exhaustion, feelings of cynicism and detachment from the job, and a sense of ineffectiveness and lack of accomplishment.


Everyone must have felt exhausted and stressed at work. However, a person with burnout is more likely to feel or display the following characteristics: getting exhausted easily, hating the paperwork, declining job performance, getting irritated easily, withdrawing from social environment.


Burnout conditions are more common in people who often force themselves to continue working, do not get job appreciation from their superiors, have a heavy workload, or have a monotonous job. Burnout is triggered by severe stress at work that is not resolved so that sufferers lose their enthusiasm for work, even lose interest in interacting with their social environment.


Therefore, in this article I will share several ways on how to deal with burnout.


  1.   Find the Cause of the Burnout

The first way to overcome burnout is to find out the cause. It’s hard to make changes when you don’t know exactly what’s causing it, so exploring the contributing factors or sources of stress in your life can help. Stress may be manageable on its own, but it can easily be overwhelming if you don’t take steps to get support.

  1.   Take Time Off 

Watch out for your mental health, you have to have this knowing that you need a vacation to breathe and relax. As a human being we have a proportion for work and rest. So, don’t take all your time for work. When your energy is highest – often in the morning – you should focus on work and maximize your productivity then step away for a rest.

  1. 3.   Put Away Your Digital Devices 

Digital helps you but it can be your enemy. As an illustration, when you are exhausted and going to bed, you can’t sleep because of scrolling through social media or playing games. Therefore, put away your digital devices when you are tired. Place your smartphone in a basket or drawer when you arrive home so you’re not tempted to pick it up and check your email; or you might devise a rule for yourself about turning it off past 8pm. “Put away your phone,” says Halvorson. “Whatever it is, it can wait until tomorrow.”

  1.   Physical Activity

The next way to deal with burnout is to do activities that are relaxing and deal with stress, such as yoga, meditation, or tai chi. Doing physical activity can take your mind off work. It is no less important to meet the quality of sleep every day well.

As a student, you must be able to control your mind and do everything according to your priorities. So that the mind remains in control, work optimally and avoid stress.

Five Reasons Why Watching Movies Is Beneficial to Our Personal Development


Written by Aureliana Ditasari, Nida Fauziah, and Rifka Indah Nizar


On this day, who doesn’t like watching movies? People nowadays are likely to be obsessed with movies. We may find out a lot through watching movies without even realizing it, as long as we manage them effectively. Many people use movies to get rid of negative thoughts or recharge their batteries. Watching movies is fun, especially if we watch movies either with our friends or with family, but did you know that the simple activity that we take for granted could significantly affect our development? Movies are a way to have fun and provide many positive benefits. Here are the top five benefits of watching movies!


  1. Foreign-language movies can help us learn a new language

Do any of you enjoy watching movies in languages other than your native? Movies from Korea, Japan, China, Turkey, Arabic, or many more. Are you aware that watching movies with different language backgrounds will gradually give you some of the vocabularies that frequently appear in the movie’s dialogue? Even if we still watch those movies with subtitles, this is one of the advantages of watching movies in languages besides our native language. Sometimes, the brain may unconsciously repeat familiar vocabulary to recognize its meaning or even pronounce it correctly.


For example, we watch movies from western countries,. Fluency in English is crucial for some people, particularly those who did not grow up in a country where English was their first language. Can we merely watch movies to enhance our language skills? How do we do that?


We are not only practicing our listening and speaking skills when watching movies. The brain will effortlessly replicate the dialogue in English movies since almost everyone is familiar with English, an international language. As a result, it is not surprising that we can unconsciously string together a sentence in English during dialogue or find out the meaning of a word just by thinking about it, like in movies we have watched.


In some cases, people may even master a new language only by watching movies. They will be able to watch the movie without having to read subtitles. Maybe not everyone will understand the complicated grammar or the uncommon vocabulary of the country. However, understanding the context of their language, in general, will increase our knowledge beyond our first and second languages. Using subtitles will allow you to understand the content. Concentrate on the key words and take notes as needed to help you remember. As a result, you will retain the information for a long time.


  1. Movies benefit us in learning about new cultures

History buffs have plenty of options when it comes to movies. It can show us new things about the culture that we probably did not know. We gain many things, such as a country’s history or a new culture, and then we realize some influential figures in the world. Educating ourselves on a country’s history may instill a sense of nationalism in us. It is the same when we watch historical movies from other countries. We may learn a lot from an excellent historical movie by understanding essential issues and events. Not only that, but historical movies are also valuable in the classroom, as teachers may show them to their pupils so that they can better acquire or understand history courses.


  1. Movies could provide both enjoyment and stress reduction

Many people find watching movies both entertaining and a way to reduce stress. Watching movies can make us forget our problems is an alternative to anxiety loss. As previously said, watching movies can have a positive emotional impact. Movies can calm us down and soothe us. We reduce the stress within us by lowering worry, and even watching a movie may turn all negative thoughts into the better, as long as it is enjoyable.


  1. Movies help us to get motivation

Have you ever read a movie quote over and over again? It indicates the movie has encouraged you to feel more positive and inspired. We may learn a lot by watching movies. Movies may motivate us to make positive changes in our lives, and movies’ strong characters can inspire us to do the same. The benefit of watching movies can increase self-motivation to be solid and inflexible in dealing with all the problems. Even though it is just a movie, we can acquire this psychological influence in our life.


  1. Watching movies can help us gain more insight and understanding

Beyond entertainment, movies can likely provide insight into people, with different genres presenting them with many new insights. Watching movies from other countries tells us much about each country’s culture and national values. Watching movies can also give a different view to each viewer from the beginning of the story itself. Each movie’s plot or characters will provide us with a different perspective than anyone else. It gives us insight into things we did not know before without recognizing them.


There are so many benefits that we can get from watching movies. We need to turn our simple hobby into something productive so that our efforts will not be vain. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s find more good movies and reach your goals!

Does Your English Sound Boring? Use These Expressions

A: Good morning! How are you?

B: I’m fine, thank you. And you?

A: I’m fine too, thank you.


The short conversation above is often taught by our English teachers at Indonesian school. However, the communication in actual situations often requires us to use more than those expressions.



Greeting expressions other than ‘how are you?’ in everyday communication.

  • How is it going?
  • How are you doing?
  • What’s up? / What’s new? (usually responded with nothing/not much)
  • How’s life?
  • How was your day? (particularly used at the end of the day)



The most basic response is ‘good’ or ‘not bad’. If you need to start a small talk, you can answer the greeting by talking about something and then say, ‘how about you?.’



To start a conversation with a friend or relative you haven’t seen in a long time, use the following expressions.

  • It’s good/nice to see you.
  • It’s been a while/long time no see. How have you been?



There are phrases other than ‘goodbye’ and ‘see you later’ that you can use more casually to end the conversation.

  • (I’ll) catch you later.
  • (I’ll) talk to you later.
  • Gotta go now/gotta get going.
  • Have a good/nice day.
  • Have a good one.
  • Take care.
  • Good night. (specifically used for the night)



Some alternatives to express ‘good luck’ are as follows.

  • Good luck with …! (we can respond with ‘thank you,’ or ‘I’m gonna need it.’)
  • Best of luck!
  • Break a leg!
  • You can do it/you’ll do great!
  • Go get ‘em!
  • Fingers crossed!


We often use ‘thank you’ as magic words to express our gratitude. Besides, to make the phrase more meaningful, add the following alternatives.

  • Couldn’t have done it without you.
  • It means a lot (to me).
  • You made this easy.
  • I can’t thank you enough.
  • That’s very kind of you.



Responding to thank you with ‘you’re welcome’ feels too basic and boring. Use the following expressions as variations.

  • My pleasure.
  • No problem.
  • No worries.
  • Don’t mention it.
  • Sure/sure thing.


So these are alternative expressions commonly used in everyday life that will make you sound more natural.

Understanding Implicit Bias in English Learning


What is implicit bias?

Implicit bias is a subconscious subjective view of a particular group. It arises due to the existence of stereotypes against a specific group that we have seen ourselves or we got it from the media or other people. Implicit bias is often difficult to detect because we tend to perceive certain stereotypes as normal.


It is also essential for educators to understand implicit bias because what teachers share will influence students’ implicit bias. One example is that we often give English sentence templates to students without realizing that there are stereotypes in it. Here are some sample sentences:

  • My father goes to the office on weekdays.
  • My sweeps the floor every morning.
  • Ani can make delicious cake.
  • Budi is a good football player.


Do you think the sentences above are odd?

If you don’t think there’s anything strange about the sentences above, you most likely have an implicit bias regarding gender. The sentences above represent gender stereotypes: women do housework and cook, while men work and do physical exercise.


Why does implicit bias have a bad effect?

If the teachers are not aware of the stereotypes they convey to the students, then they will consider it as a normal thing. For example, the teachers will transfer the implicit bias related to gender above to the students through sample sentences used as English learning materials without any filtering. Therefore how to detect implicit bias and avoid stereotyping in the classroom?


A way to detect implicit bias is through educating ourselves and enriching knowledge by learning anything from various points of view. Therefore, we will no longer understand something from a side only. In addition, we should provide a variety of example sentences and texts for students in order to reduce any stereotypes. Here are some alternative examples of reducing implicit bias:

  • My father often cooks dinner for us in the evening.
  • My mother is currently working as CEO in a start-up company.
  • Ani has just graduated from industrial engineering school.
  • Budi likes making flower arrangements in his spare time.


So that’s implicit bias and its negative effects. Therefore, please educate yourself and don’t be easily influenced by other people’s implicit biases.


Popular Internet Idioms and Slang Used by Millenials

Every language has a differentiation of words in formal and everyday contexts. In English, there are also formal and informal common words or terms used by millennials and youth in everyday life. So, if you like English or want to speak like a native, the following are some typical internet words and idioms used daily.


  1. Lit

Lit is a slang word for extremely good, awesome, and incredible. It used to describe something very fun or fabulous.


A: “How was the graduation celebration?”

B: “It was lit!”


  1. Flex

Flex is used to replace the phrase show off or showing something owned or achieved.


“Leslie has been flexing her new car on her Instagram for three days.”


  1. Slay

​​Slay is slang used as an intransitive verb to express a good appearance or performance. This term has the same meaning as killed it.


“Dude, The Weeknd’s new album slayed!”


  1. Gucci

Gucci is a slang term adopted from a luxury brand and is used to express something good, cool or great.


A: “Hi, how have you been? Haven’t seen you in a while. Everything okay?”

B:  “Yeah everything’s Gucci. I’ve just been busy.”


  1. Cringe

Cringe is used to express a situation where we feel ashamed or disgusted when seeing something people do.


I cringe everytime I see Leslie flexing her new car on Instagram.”


  1. Savage

Savage is a term used to describe something really cool and great. Another word that has the same meaning as savage is badass.


A: “He asked me if he had to call me miss or mrs. I said it’s Dr.”

B: “That was savage.”


  1. No cap

No cap is used to emphasize a truth or honesty statement. The term that has another equivalent as no cap is seriously or no lie.


“I’m not cheating, no cap.”


  1. On fleek

On fleek is another expression of on point. It is used to express good things or do right at something on target.


“His outfit is always on fleek.”


  1. I’m dead

I’m dead is a phrase used to express something hilarious in hyperbole. In other contexts, this term means that someone is in big trouble.


  1. Irvan was late. He came into the class without taking his helmet off. Lol I’m dead.”
  2. “Oh God I forgot to turn in the final assignment for the grammar 101 class. I’m dead.”


  1. Peace out

Peace out is a slang expression used to say goodbye.


Gotta go home now. Peace out.”


  1. Spill the tea

Spill the tea is an idiom used to ask someone to gossip or something exciting or controversial.


A: “Seems that Nana is in a bit of hot water with Bunga.”

B: “No way! Spill the tea!”


  1. Gag me with a spoon

Gag me with a spoon is an idiom that functions to express dislike, annoyance or disgust towards something.


“I hate seeing people displaying affection in public – gag me with a spoon!”


  1. Understand the assignment

Understand the assignment is a phrase used as a compliment when someone does something well and beyond expectation.


A: “Our football team won the competition without even losing any single game.”

B: “Yeah! They really understood the assignment.”


  1. The sunset is beautiful, isn’t it?

The sunset is beautiful, isn’t it? Is used to replace the expression I love you, but I’m letting you go of someone who still has feelings for their ex-lover.


*posting an Instagram story with a picture of sunset with the hope of being noticed by someone*

Caption: “The sunset is beautiful, isn’t it?”

Students’ Rights that Teachers/Lecturers Must Fulfill

The new semester is a moment that students have been waiting for, especially after the end of the semester holiday, where they will advance to a higher level of courses. Therefore, as a complementary seasoning for the new semester, here are some rights that students should obtain from lecturers during their study period in college.


  • Course agreement 

The course agreement is a picture of an egalitarian relationship because the agreement places lecturers and students jointly committed to achieving learning goals. The course agreement is considered an effective way for students to analyze their learning needs. In addition, the use of course agreements can help lecturers and students understand clearly their respective duties, roles, and responsibilities.


  • Syllabus

The syllabus is a development or elaboration of the curriculum containing standard competencies, basic competencies, course materials, learning activities, indicators, assessment, time allocation, and learning resources. In order to implement curriculum properly in courses, the syllabus needs to be developed into a unit of activities that lecturers and students will carry out. Based on its components, the syllabus is useful to help direct the lecturers regarding the targets that students must achieve in learning. It can be used as a guide for further learning development, such as the development of an assessment system or others. In addition, the syllabus is also beneficial for students as a reference for preparing lesson plans, both group and individual learning plans.


  • Rubric 

Rubric is assessment guidance for each assignment that describes the desired criteria in assessing student learning performance. The rubric consists of the dimensions assessed and student learning performance indicators. In addition to providing assessment information, rubrics are helpful for students to measure their learning performance, motivate them to study more actively, and determine their learning strategies.


  • Feedback

Feedback is a response from the good or bad of our performances, whether criticism or suggestion for becoming better. We often receive feedback on each task or learning activity. However, not all lecturers will provide detailed feedback. It is because feedback is not just “right or wrong” but criticism and suggestions for the progress of student performance. Therefore, students have the right to get qualified feedback from lecturers or simply deliver some questions to explore their directions that should be given in-depth.


  • Consultation

Apart from feedback, students also have the right to give their opinions regarding the course material. Further, you can ask lecturers for course material that you don’t understand well. Usually, a lecturer will provide times to ask in the middle or end of the explanation. So use that time to get further explanations regarding certain materials. On the other hand, you also have the right to ask questions or further explanations from the lecturer via social media. Don’t be afraid and don’t hesitate to send them a message, because you deserve it. However, please consider when you send the message not to disturb their activities. Thus, you can get an answer that is in accordance with what is expected.


Those are some student rights that should be obtained in courses. If you feel you haven’t received some of it, you can ask and communicate well with your lecturer. It is your right, so don’t be afraid and hesitate to ask for it, they will surely give you what you need regarding courses.